The first question we are asked about SDSs is around updating the sheets. In fact, most organizations and people are more concerned with how to keep SDSs updated then they are about any health and safety issues when using the product.
What the Regulations Say
WHMIS 1988 stated the following regarding updating data sheets:
When a supplier material safety data sheet is three years old, the employer shall, if possible, obtain from the supplier an unexpired supplier material safety data sheet if any of the controlled product remains in the workplace.
WHMIS 2015 states this:
An employer is required to update the most recent supplier SDS at the workplace as soon as practicable after significant new data about a product is provided by the supplier, or becomes available to the employer in some other way.
A Guide to the Legislation (WHMIS) Ontario provides these clarifications around updating the SDSs:
Under federal law, it is the supplier’s responsibility to ensure that the SDS for a hazardous product is current and complies with all applicable requirements every time the product is sold.
Suppliers are not required to inform past buyers of a hazardous product that significant new data is available.
“Significant new data” means information about a product that would change its classification … or change the ways to handle the product safely.
What Does This Mean
Under WHMIS 1988 it was clear when a new sheet was required – after 3 years. While this was easier to understand, the time and effort to update the sheets was more than most organizations could handle. With WHMIS 2015, sheets do not expire and if a supplier does not inform you of a change you likely will not know. This should save you time and money as you are not so focused on updating the sheets.
But information can change without you knowing. In fact, 90 days after you update a sheet it could change and the supplier would not have to inform you until you purchased the product again.
To stay on top of your sheets you will need to know if the sheet complies with WHMIS 2015 and its age. With this information you can look at your collection as follows:
RED – Sheets not in compliance with WHMIS 2015 – replace ASAP
YELLOW – Sheet in compliance but greater than 3 years old – if you are still using the product consider checking for a new sheet. If you are no longer using the product keep the SDS on file but remove it from your active viewing area.
GREEN – Sheet in compliance but less than 3 years old – replace if supplier provides update
To stay on top of this you would need to have a dashboard or overview of your sheets readily available. Using SDS RiskAssist™ our customers see this information and they average 5% RED, 18% YELLOW and 77% GREEN.
People who can’t see how they are doing struggle. One customer we looked at 1,780 sheets. Their sheets were hosted by one of the largest SDS providers with access to millions of data sheets. Yet their score using the above standards was 41% RED, 20% YELLOW and 39% GREEN. And the customer had no information to determine where they stood. We had to count the sheets to provide this overview. A different customer had 288 paper sheets in a binder – 95% were RED.
The short is answer is you still need to update your sheets. But like anything you are trying to manage if you want to ensure you have up-to-date sheets you will need to have some measure of performance.